Danish Gambit Part 1

1.e4 e5
In the openings where black is trying to counter the 1. e4 move with  1… e5 the result is often very sharp and open positions.
2.d4! White immediately challenges the center pawn e5, getting control over the center. 

2… ed
3.c3! This is a surprise move. Black was going to benefit from the early Queen’s development after 3. Qd4 Nc6! , But white has something else in mind.
 3.dc 4. Bc4! This energetic opening system is called The Danish gambit.
 4. cb 5.Bb2
The so-called “Accelerated variation of Danish gambit” with two pawns ahead black
hopes to realize the material advantage in the endgame.
However white has serious positional dividends such as:

Huge development and mobility advantage; 

Significant control over the most important central squares;
White’s Bishops are nicely placed to put pressure on the center and Kingside;  
The open lines and diagonals are avenues along which White could develop very unpleasant threats. 

Now black has a wide selection of options:We will start from the most obvious and greedy attempt:
5… Qg5 

Black is intending to grab the third pawn,
otherwise if white would decide to defend it with the 6.g3? 
By moving that pawn white allows black to follow a well-known principle Which the side with the material advantage should go after: 
If you have a material advantage it is often better to exchange and enter an early endgame where you can make your advantage count. An advantage of seven pawns against six is significant but an advantage of two pawns against one is fifty per cent more.

So,after 6… Bb4 7. Nd2 Qd2! 8. Qd2 9. Kd2 Nf6 Black is keeping the clear material advantage, while Queens are of of board already. So white’s chance to create an attack are very limited.
Do not forget that it is the spirit of the player with the initiative that fulfills this promise, or does not. Opening with an attacking gambit system and then playing cowardly moves is a sure recipe for disaster.
Indeed, the 5… Qg5 move should have a drawback.
Look at the next important opening principle:
Don’t develop your Queen too early, it’s could be an option only when you could achieve a good target. Would be pawn g2 such a great target?
Remember the main opening principle: Develop all your pieces rapidly!
Thus continuing our thought let’s considers the move:
 6. Nf3!

Allows black capturing the pawn on g2, which actually leads to the very instructive position.
 6…Qg2 At the moment black is 3! Pawns up. Nevertheless! after
7.Rg1 There are not many squares where black’s Queen could go to.
7…Qh3. I would like you to pay attention to this position.

 I have found from my experience that in their early chess development many chess players get too concerned about positions like this one.
Black has 3 pawns up, but look at his minor pieces. In the first 7 moves black played 4 moves with the pawns and 3 with the Queen.
Undoubtedly white has a clear development advantage, which should be converted into something more.
 The most difficult thing is to know the method – how to transform your positional advantage.
Many would play simply 8.Bg7 Bg7 9. Rg7 Nh6! Covering f7 square, asking later where did I go wrong? Where did I spoil my huge initiative and why it brought me only a pawn back?
The answer is a simple one. Before starting your calculation, ask yourself – what should I assault? Where is my target?
Usually when you could correctly label the aim, you are  half way to the success.
In the current position we could discover:
The obvious threatened pawn on g7,
Bad position of the Queen on h3
And the hanging pawn on f7.
This clues lead immediately to 8.Ng5! As a good option, alas after 8… Qh2 black is fighting back by aiming the rook on g1.
Obviously the Ng5 idea rather could be performed with the immediately smashing –
8. Bf7+!


Eliminates the pawn f7 with the check, while after 8… Kf7 white comes with the nice fork 9.Ng5+! Winning the Queen. Black might just move his King.
8… Kd8, indeed white continues to bring more power into the g7 square.
Pretty good is the immediate 9.Bg7 Bg7 10.Rg7, but after 10. Nf6 black is still in the game.
Thanks to the fact that Rh8 is stuck, we could perform a nice tactical blow: 

9. Rg7! Increases the advantage.

 Black has two answers but both lead to a hopeless position.9… Bg7 10. Bg7 wins the rook on h8.

9… Ne7 Doesn’t help either :  10. Rg3!


Creating a double threat: Queen h3 is aimed, when at the same time the rook h8 is suspended.
Black resigned



12 Responses

  1. Nice introduction. I have never studied the Danish.

  2. And what about 1.e4 e5 2.d4 ed 3.c3 d5 ? In this way black is avoiding this gambit and u can do nothing about this, moreover position looks quite equal:(

  3. Thanks for your comment ,
    Really 3… d5! is one of the best replies , indeed the resulting position after 4. ed Qd5 5. cd is far from being clear .
    White has an active piece play despite the isolated pawn, and I know just only one line in which Black could equalise.

  4. 1.e4 e5 2.d4 ed 3. c3 in this position what will be the reply from white in the move 3…Qe7

  5. After 8.Bf7, what about Ke7? The refutation doesn’t come to me.

  6. Experienced players take the Danish apart, but beginners and intermediate players do OK with it

  7. I think that 5 … d6! poses the problem of white non-human

  8. what should we do against 5…d6

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  11. Just what I was looking for. I’m a danish gambit player, this is very handy. Thanks for sharing man!

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