The Most Important Endgame Principles

1.Pair of Bishops is stronger than pair of Knights.

2.Bishop is usually stronger than Knight. Bishops are better than knights in all except blocked pawn positions.

3.Rook and Bishop are usually stronger than Rook and Knight.

4.Queen and Knight are usually stronger than Queen and Bishop.

5.Rooks belong behind passed pawns, of your own or the opponent.

6.A rook on the seventh rank is worth a pawn.

7.The easiest endings to draw are those with opposite colored bishops.

8. When your opponent has a bishop you usually have to put your pawns on the squares of the same color that squares of this bishop. At the same time, when you have bishop, you have to put your pawns on the squares of the color, opposite to the bishop’s squares, no matter if your opponent has bishop or not.

9. In the endgame King becomes an active piece  move your King to the Center!

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6 Responses

  1. “In the endgame King becomes an active piece move your King to the Center”

    I have heard many answers to this, but when do you consider the endgame to be far enough along to bring the King into play in the center?

  2. Hi Rook House, thanks for your Question… that is quite interesting – what to consider the pure endgame situation.
    When the Queens been exchanged we are still in the middlegame, but when two more minor pieces and one of the rooks were swapped… we may say – endgame is here !.

    I saw many situations , when my student’s king had been left along for a while and never got into a game … even in the very late Endgame situation.

    Nevertheless ,each endgame has its own assessment… and sometimes the more active position of the King may decide the outcome of the very equal endgame … typical example – pawn endings, where position of the King is almost decisive factor.

  3. This definitely helps. Thanks for the information and keep up the excellent work.

    Your lessons are an invaluable tool to understanding the game better for all of us and very easy to follow.

  4. 6.A rook on the seventh rank is worth a pawn.

    Is that correct? I could understand you saying a pawn on the seventh rank is worth a rook. Can you explain?

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