The Evans Gambit was invented by William Davies Evans, the first player to employ it more then 170 years ago. Did you also know that Captain Evans was also a professional Ship Master and strong amateur?
After 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 Captain Evans discovered the amazing idea of 4.b4! .
The basic intention behind the move 4. b4 is to give up a pawn in order to secure a strong centre and bear down on Black’s weak-point, f7. Often, the idea of Ba3, preventing black from castling, is also in the air.
The Evans gambit has been played for over a hundred years, and it hasn’t been refuted yet.
Morphy, Chigorin, Fischer, Kasparov, Timman, Shirov, Short and Morozevich have all successfully played the opening.
I’d like to start the show from two games played by Bobby Fischer.
Fischer needs no introduction, I believe. Just a few words about his play: he was a wholesome player who mastered each and every phase of the game. His play was harmonious and very instructive as well.
Fischer as well as Paul Morphy fought for the initiative at every move, presenting his opponent with problem after problem until the game was his.
Well before the phrase became a cliché, winning was the only thing for Fischer.The Evans gambit was one of his favorite openings.
Fischer,Robert James – Boatner,J [C51]
Houston sim, 1964
1. e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 Bxb4 5.c3 Be7
Black has a few relevant answers 5…Ba5, 5 … Be7 and 5…. Bc5, indeed recently the move 5… Bd6!? Has also become very popular.
6. d4 d6?
This move leads to an immediate disaster.
There are a few key squares in Black’s position that are often under attack or provide a target for a sacrifice by White. These squares are f7, g7 and h7 .
The attack is to be directed against the weakest spot in the opposing position the pawn f7.
Temporally stops Bf7, but white simply eliminates that knight. Much better was 7…Na5.
8. Bxh6 gxh6 9.Bxf7+ Kf8 10.Bh5!
There is no good way to stop Qf7, when after 10…d5 Black is going to lose all his center pawns…
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